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Faisal Mosque, Islamabad

Faisal Mosque, Islamabad

Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque of Pakistan, located on a high place near the Margalla Hills in the northern tip of Islamabad. This positioning gives the mosque the ability to be seen many miles from the surrounding with a beautiful backdrop of the Margalla Hills. The combined structure covers an area of ​​54,000 square feet(5000 square meter), dominated by the Islamabad landscape. Without a common dome, the mosque is shaped like a Bedouin tent, surrounded by four 260 feet (79 meters) tall minarets, and room to accommodate more than 300,000 worshipers in its central prayer hall, porticoes, courtyard and adjoining grounds.

The mosque was named after King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, who advised the construction of a national mosque in Islamabad during his visit in 1966 and later supported financing for the construction. The Saudi government donated 130 million Saudi riyals for the mosque. Work was started on the mosque in 1969 with an international competition, in which architects from 17 different countries presented 43 designs for the mosque. The accepted design was developed by a Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay who received the Agha Khan Architectural Award for this assignment. Construction of the mosque, under the supervision of Azam Khan, was started in 1976 by the National Construction of Pakistan. It was completed in 1986 at a cost of 130 million Saudi riyals.

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At the entrance to the mosque, there is a small courtyard with a small round water pool with fountains and introductory plates. In front of this courtyard, there are stairs to the left that lead to the main courtyard of the mosque and one directly to the other, but a relatively large water pool with fountains. To the left of this pond is ablution place for the worshipers. This second pool of water looks very beautiful. From all four corners of this pond the stairs lead to the main courtyard. On the east side of the mosque is the adjoining ground in which is the tomb of former President of Pakistan Gen. Zia ul Haq. Another ground is located in front of the mosque but it is a small place. There is a pool of water with fountains in front side of the building.

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