Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, is located in the northwest of the country on the Potohar Plateau. This area has been prominent in history as part of the confluence of Rawalpindi and the North West Frontier Province. The city was built in 1960 to replace Karachi as the Pakistan’s capital, which has been in operation since 1963. Due to its close proximity to Rawalpindi, Islamabad is considered a sister city of Rawalpindi.
Compared to other cities in the country, Islamabad is a clean, large and calm city with lots of greenery. A history of the site of this city goes back to ancient human habitation in Asia. The area has seen the first settlement of the Aryans from Central Asia, the ancient convoy passing through Central Asia, and the large army of Tamerlane and Alexander.
To the north of the city you will see the Margalla hill. Light snow in the mountains, monsoon rains and cold snow to summarizes the climate of this area. Islamabad has a rich wildlife ranging from wild boars to leopard.
After the establishment of Pakistan in 1947, it was felt that a new and permanent capital had to be built to reflect the diversity of the Pakistani nation. It was considered appropriate to explore the new capital, where it can be isolated from the business and commercial activities of Karachi, and yet it is easily accessible from the far corners of the country.
Accordingly, a commission was established in 1958, entrusted with the task of choosing the proper location for the new capital, specially the placement, climate, provision and defense necessities, aesthetics and emphasize natural beauty.
After extensive research, feasibility studies and thorough review of various sites, the Commission recommended the northeast area of Rawalpindi’s historic city. After the final decision of the Cabinet, it was put into practice. Doxadis Associates, a Greek firm, has set up a master plan based on a grid system, facing the Margalla Hills to the north. The long-term plan was that Islamabad would completely encircle Rawalpindi, extending west of the historic Grand Trunk Road.
Islamabad is raiding against the backdrop of the Margallah hills in the northern tip of Potohar Plateau. Its climate is healthy, pollution-free, abundant in water resources and lush. It is a modern and carefully planned city with wide streets and trails, beautiful public buildings and well-organized bazaars and shopping centers.